Here are some of the reports, publications and conference presentations that SMRU Consulting have produced.

Renewables

Lonergan, M.L., Sparling, C.E. & McConnell, B.J. (in review) Behavioural changes among harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) around an operational tidal turbine. Submitted to International Journal of Marine Science.

Band, B., Sparling, C., Thompson, D., Onoufriou, J., San Martin, E. and N West, N. (2016). Refining Estimates of Collision Risk for Harbour Seals and Tidal Turbines. Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science Vol 7 No 17.

Wood, J., Joy, R. & Sparling, C. (2016). Harbor Seal – Tidal Turbine Collision Risk Models. An Assessment of Sensitivities. Report by SMRU Consulting. pp 57.

Copping, A., Sather, N., Hanna, L., Whiting, J., Zydlewski, G., Staines, G., Gill, A., Hutchison, I., O’Hagan, A., Simas, T., Bald, J., Sparling, C., Wood, J., Masden, E. (2016). Annex IV 2016 State of the Science Report: Environmental Effects of Marine Renewable Energy Development Around the World. pp 224.

Sparling, C., Gillespie, D., Hastie, H., Gordon, J., Macaulay, J., Malinka, C., Wu, M. & McConnell, B. (2016). Scottish Government Demonstration Strategy: Trialing Methods for Tracking the Fine Scale Underwater Movements of Marine Mammals in Areas of Marine Renewable Energy Development. Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science Vol 7 No 14.

Booth, C. G. (2016). Challenge of Using Passive Acoustic Monitoring in High-Energy Environments: UK Tidal Environments and Other Case Studies. In The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life II (pp. 101-108). Springer New York.

Verfuss, U. K., Sparling, C. E., Arnot, C., Judd, A., & Coyle, M. (2016). Review of Offshore Wind Farm Impact Monitoring and Mitigation with Regard to Marine Mammals. In The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life II (pp. 1175-1182). Springer New York.

Tollit D.J. et al. (2015) Proposed Environmental Effects Monitoring Programs 2015-2020 Fundy Ocean Research Center for Energy (FORCE). pp184

Redden, A. & Porskamp, P. (2015). Assessing Marine Mammal Presence in and Near the FORCE Lease Area During Winter and Early Spring – Addressing Baseline Data Gaps and Sensor Performance. Report by Acadia University, Fundy Ocean Research Center for Energy (FORCE), and Offshore Energy Research Association of Nova Scotia (OERA). pp 35.

MMO (2014). Review of post-consent offshore wind farm monitoring data associated with licence conditions. A report produced for the Marine Management Organisation, pp 194. MMO Project No: 1031. ISBN: 978-1-909452-24-4.

Savidge, G., Ainsworth, D., Bearhop, S., Christen, N., Elsaesser, B., Fortune, F., Inger, R., Kennedy, R., McRobert, A., Plummer, K.E., Pritchard, D., Sparling, C.E., & Whittaker, T. (2014). Strangford Lough and the SeaGen Tidal Turbine. Marine Renewable Energy Technology and Environmental Interactions. ed. / M.A. Shields; Andrew Payne.

Maclean, I., Inger, R., Benson, D., Booth, C. G., Embling, C. B., Grecian, W. J., … & Bearhop, S. (2014). Resolving issues with environmental impact assessment of marine renewable energy installations. Frontiers in Marine Science, 1, 75.

Hastie, G. D., Gillespie, D. M., Gordon, J. C., Macaulay, J. D., McConnell, B. J., & Sparling, C. E. (2014). Tracking Technologies for Quantifying Marine Mammal Interactions with Tidal Turbines: Pitfalls and Possibilities. In Marine Renewable Energy Technology and Environmental Interactions (pp. 127-139). Springer Netherlands.

Wood, J., Tollit, D.J., Redden A., Porskamp, P., Broome, J., Fogarty, L., Booth, C., & Karsten, R. (2013) Passive Acoustic Monitoring of Cetacean Activity Patterns and Movements in Minas Passage: Pre-Turbine Baseline Conditions (2011-2012). Final Report for OERA and FORCE. SMRU  Ltd Report number NA0713Acadia pp71

Sparling C.E., Coram, A.J., McConnell, B., Thompson, D., Hawkins, K. and Northridge, S.P. (2013). Wave and Tidal consenting Position paper Series: Marine Mammal Impacts. Renewable UK, Scottish Renewables and Natural Environment Research Council publication.

Booth, C.G. & Lacey, C. (2013). Static acoustic monitoring for harbour porpoise and dolphins in and around the proposed Navitus Bay offshore wind park using C-PODs. SMRU Ltd report number (SMRUL-ENO-2013-015). April, 2013 (unpublished).

Thompson, P. M., Hastie, G. D., Nedwell, J., Barham, R., Brookes, K. L., Cordes, L. S., Bailey, H., & McLean, N. (2013). Framework for assessing impacts of pile-driving noise from offshore wind farm construction on a harbour seal population. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 43, 73-85.

Collar, C.; Spahr, J.; Polagye, B.; Thomson, J.; Bassett, C.; Graber, J.; Cavagnaro, R.; Talbert, J.; deKlerk, A.; Reay-Ellers, A.; Tollit, D.; Wood, J.; Copping, A.; Carlson, T.; Halvorsen, M. (2012). Study of the Acoustic Effects of Hydrokinetic Tidal Turbine in Admiralty Inlet, Puget Sound. Report by Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center (NNMREC), Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), SMRU Consulting, and Snohomish County PUD. pp 80.

Sparling, C.E., Russell, D.F., Lane, E., Grellier, K., Lonergan, M.E., McConnell, B.J., Matthiopoulous, J. and Thompson, D. (2012). Baseline Seal Information for the FTWODG Area. SMRUL-FDG-2012-0 to FTOWDG. May 2012 (unpublished).

Hastie, G.D. (2012). Tracking marine mammals around marine renewable energy devices using active sonar. SMRU Ltd report URN:12D/328 to the Department of Energy and Climate Change. September 2012 (unpublished).

Tollit, D., Wood, J., Broomw, J. & Redden, A. (2011). Detection of marine mammals and effects of monitoring at the NSPI (OpenHydro) turbine site in the Minas Passage during 2010. Prepared for Fundy Ocean Research Centre (FORCE), February 2011.

Sparling, C., Grellier, K., Philpott, E., Macleod, K., and Wilson, J. (2011). Guidance on survey and monitoring in relation to marine renewables deployments in Scotland. Volume 3. Seals. Unpublished draft report to Scottish Natural Heritage and Marine Scotland.

Macleod, K., Lacey, C., Quick, N., Hastie, G. and Wilson J. (2011). Guidance on survey and monitoring in relation to marine renewables deployments in Scotland. Volume 2. Cetaceans and Basking Sharks. Unpublished draft report to Scottish Natural Heritage and Marine Scotland.

Keenan, G., Sparling, C., Williams, H., and Fortune, F. (2011). SeaGen Environmental Monitoring Programme Final Report. Submitted to Marine Current Turbines ref: 9S8562/R/303719/Edin.

Duck, C., Black, A., Lonergan, M., & Mackey, B. (2006). The number and distribution of marine mammals in the Fall of Warness, Orkney July 2005-July 2006. SMRU Ltd Report for Aurora Environmental, August 2006.

Advice

Gomez, C., Lawson, J.W., Wright, A.J., Buren, A.D., Tollit, D. and Lesage V. (2016) A systematic review on the behavioural responses of wild marine mammals to noise: the disparity between science and policy. Can. J. Zool. 94: 801-819

Verfuss, U.K., Plunkett, R., Booth, C.G. & Harwood, J. (2016). Assessing The Benefit Of Noise Reduction Measures During Offshore Wind Farm Construction On  Harbour Porpoises. Report Number SMRUC-WWF-2016-008.

Harwood, J., King, S., Booth, C., Donovan, C., Schick, R. S., Thomas, L., & New, L. (2016). Understanding the Population Consequences of Acoustic Disturbance for Marine Mammals. In The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life II(pp. 417-423). Springer New York.

Donovan, C., Harwood, J., King, S., Booth, C., Caneco, B., & Walker, C. (2016). Expert elicitation methods in quantifying the consequences of acoustic disturbance from offshore renewable energy developments. In The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life II (pp. 231-237). Springer New York.

Sparling, C., Smith K., Benjamins S., Wilson B., Gordon J., Stringell T., Morris C., Hastie G., Thompson D., & Pomeroy P. (2015). Guidance to inform marine mammal site characterisation requirements at wave and tidal stream energy sites in Wales. No. 82. NRW Evidence Report, 2015.

Wright, A. J., &  Robertson, F.C. (eds) 2015. New mitigation methods and evolving acoustics exposure guidelines. Report from the European Cetacean Society Conference Workshop, St. Julian, Malta, European Cetacean Society Special Publication Series No. 59, 76 p

Harwood, J., King, S., Schick, R., Donovan, C. & Booth, C. (2014). A protocol for implementing the Interim Population Consequences of Disturbance (PCoD) Approach: quantifying and assessing the effects of UK offshore renewable energy developments on marine mammal populations. Report Number SMRUL-TCE-2013-014. Scottish Marine And Freshwater Science, 5(2).

Sparling C.E., Coram, A.J., McConnell, B., Thompson, D., Hawkins, K. & Northridge, S.P. (2013). Wave and Tidal consenting Position paper Series: Marine Mammal Impacts. Renewable UK, Scottish Renewables and Natural Environment Research Council publication.

Herschel, A., Stephenson, S., Sparling, C., Sams, C., & Monnington, J. (2013). ORJIP Project 4, Phase 1: Use of deterrent devices and improvements to standard mitigation during piling. Report submitted to the Offshore Renewables Joint Industry Programme.

Jones, E., McConnell, B., Sparling, C. E., & Matthiopoulos, J. (2013). Grey and harbour seal usage maps. Marine Mammal Scientific Support Research Programme MMSS/001/11. Task MR 5 (part), Sea Mammal Research Unit Report to Scottish Government 28/08/2013 Version 2150.

Wood, J., Southall, B.L. & Tollit, D.J. (2012) PG&E offshore 3‐D Seismic Survey Project EIR –Marine Mammal Technical Draft Report. SMRU Ltd. pp124

Sparling, C., Grellier, K., Philpott, E., Macleod, K., & Wilson, J. (2011). Guidance on survey and monitoring in relation to marine renewables deployments in Scotland. Volume 3. Seals. Unpublished draft report to Scottish Natural Heritage and Marine Scotland.

Macleod, K., Lacey, C., Quick, N., Hastie, G. & Wilson J. (2011). Guidance on survey and monitoring in relation to marine renewables deployments in Scotland. Volume 2. Cetaceans and Basking Sharks. Unpublished draft report to Scottish Natural Heritage and Marine Scotland.

Philpott, E., Tollit, D. &  Mackey, B. (2009). Strategic Review of Offshore Wind Farm Monitoring Data Associated with FEPA Licence Conditions: Marine Mammals. Report by Sea Mammal Research Unit (SMRU). pp 45.

Conference Presentations

Joy, R., Wood, J., Miller, B., MacGillvray, A., Meier, S. & Tollit, D. (2016) Development of a simulation model for estimating behavioural responses to vessel noise: A case study with the Southern Resident killer whale. Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference, Vancouver April 2016.

Wood, J. (2016) Measuring noise in biologically meaningful ways. Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference, Vancouver April 2016

Booth, C., Harwood, J., Walker, R. & Mendes, S. (2016) Using Interim Population Consequences of Disturbance to Explore Potential Cumulative Effects of Pile-Driving Disturbance on the North Sea Harbor Porpoise Population. The effects of noise on aquatic life: 4th international conference, Dublin, July 2016 (pg 18)

Gomez, C., Lawson, J.W., Wright, A.J., Buren, A., Tollit, D. & Lesage, V. (2016) A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis on the Behavioral Responses of Wild Marine Mammals to Man-Made Sounds: Synthesis and Recommendations for the Future The effects of noise on aquatic life: 4th international conference, Dublin, July 2016 (pg 69)

Plunkett, R., Gillespie, D. & MacAulay A. (2016) The Maintenance of PAMGuard Software to Detect, Localize, and Classify Marine Mammals.  The effects of noise on aquatic life: 4th international conference, Dublin, July 2016 (pg 161)

Verfuss, U., Aniceto, A.S., Biuw, M., Fielding, S., Gillespie, D., Harris, D., Jimenez, G., Johnston, P., Plunkett, R., Sivertsen, A., Solbø, S.A. & Storvold, R. (2016)  Current Status of Autonomous Vehicles for Marine Animal Detection and Monitoring. The effects of noise on aquatic life: 4th international conference, Dublin, July 2016 (pg 207)

Wood, J. (2016) Evaluating Noise Metrics to Predict Masking in Killer Whales. The effects of noise on aquatic life: 4th international conference, Dublin, July 2016 (pg 221)

Sparling, C., (2015). Marine Mammals and renewable energy projects: challenges and progress. MAMBO 2 Conference Measuring and Monitoring Biodiversity Offshore. Bangor, March 2015.

Fritz, L., Tollit, D., Laman, E., Miller, K., Schulze, A., Thomason, J., Walker W., Zeppelin, T. & Gelatt T. (2015) Steller sea lion diet and population trends in the Aleutian Islands, Alaska Marine Science Symposium, Anchorage, Alaska, January 2015

Verfuss, U.K., Sparling, C.E. & Booth, C.G. (2015). Does noise mitigation matter? Population consequences of piling noise on marine mammals with and without the application of noise reduction methods. Conference on Wind energy and Wildlife impacts, Berlin, March 2015.

Booth, C.G., Harwood, J., King, S., Schick, R. & Donovan, C. (2015). Forecasting winners and losers of the Arctic environment: the potential Population Consequences of Disturbance (PCoD) for marine mammals. Arctic Frontiers Conference, Tromso, January 2015.

Wood, J., Redden, A., Tollit, D., Broome, J. & Booth, C.G. (2014). Listening for canaries in a tornado: Acoustic monitoring for harbour porpoise at the FORCE site. International Conference on the Environmental Interactions of Marine Renewables Conference, Stornoway, May 2014.

Sparling, C., Lonergan, M., Mackey, B., Booth, C., Hastie, G., Gillespie, D. & MacAulay, J. (2014). Marine Mammals and Tidal Turbines: Understanding True Collision Risk. International Conference on the Environmental Interactions of Marine Renewables Conference, Stornoway, May 2014.

Tollit, D., Wood, J., Polagye, B., Thomson, J. & Redden, A. (2011) Marine mammals, noise and tidal turbine demonstration sites. American Fisheries Society 141st Annual Meeting, Seattle, September 2011.

Polagye, B., Cavagnero, R., Bassett, C., Wood, J., & Tollit, D. (2011) Estimating marine mammal response to noise from a tidal energy project. DOE MHK Acoustic Webinar, December 2011.

Other

Ainsworth, L.M., Dean C.B., & Joy R. (in press) Zero-inflated spatial models: application and interpretation. International Symposium in Statistics ISS-2015 Proceedings Volume on Advances and Challenges in Parametric and Non-parametric Analysis of Correlated Data. Springer New York, NY. 37 pp.

Robertson, F.C.,  Koski, W.R.,  Brandon, J.R., Thomas T., & Trites A. W. In Press. Correction factors account for the availability bias of bowhead whales exposed  to seismic operations in the Beaufort Sea. Journal of Cetacean Research and Management.

Viers, S., Viers, V., & Wood, J.D. (2016) Ship noise extends to frequencies used for echolocation by endangered killer whales. PeerJ, 4:e1657; DOI 10.7717/peerj.1657

Smultea, M. A.,  Brueggeman, J., Robertson, F.C., Fertl, D., Bacon, C., Rowlett R. A., & Green G. A. (2016) Polar bear (Ursus maritimus) behaviour near icebreaker operations in the Chukchi Sea, 1991, Arctic. 69(2): 177-184

Robertson, F.C., Koski, W.R., & Trites A.W. (2016) Behavioural responses affect distribution analyses of bowhead whales in the vicinity of seismic surveys. Marine Ecological Progress Series 549: 243-262 DOI: 10.3354/meps11665

Muir, J.E., Joy R., Bychkov Y., Bröker K., Gailey G.,  VLadimirov V., Starodymov S., &  Gailey G. (2015). Delineation of a coastal gray whale feeding area using opportunistic and systematic survey effort. Endangered Species Research. 29(2): 147-160

Muir, J.E., Ainsworth, L.,  Joy R.,  Racca R.,  Bychkov Y., Gailey G.,  VLadimirov V.,  Starodymov S., & Bröker K.(2015). Distance from shore of gray whales during a seismic survey off Sakhalin Island, Russia. Endangered Species Research. DOI: 10.3354/esr00701

Joy, R., Dowd M.G., Battaile B.C., Lestenkof P.M., Sterling J.T., Trites A.W., & Routledge R.D.(2015). Linking northern fur seal dive behavior to environmental variables in the eastern Bering Sea. Ecosphere. 6(5): 75. DOI 10.1890/ES 14-00314.1

Tollit, D. J., Wong, M. A., & Trites, A. W. (2015). Diet composition of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) in Frederick Sound, southeast Alaska: a comparison of quantification methods using scats to describe temporal and spatial variabilities. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 93(999), 361-376.

Stricker, C.A., Christ, A.M., Wunder, M.B., Doll, A.C., Farley, S.D., Rea, L.D., Rosen, D.A.S. & Tollit, D.J. (2015) Stable carbon and nitrogen isotope trophic enrichment factors for Steller sea lion vibrissae relative to milk and fish/invertebrate diets. Marine Ecological Progress Series. 523: 255-266 DOI: 10.3354/meps11205

Hastie, G. D., Donovan, C., Götz, T., & Janik, V. M. (2014). Behavioral responses by grey seals (Halichoerus grypus) to high frequency sonar. Marine pollution bulletin, 79(1), 205-210.

Bailey, H., Hammond, P. S., & Thompson, P. M. (2014). Modelling harbour seal habitat by combining data from multiple tracking systems. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 450, 30-39.

Sayigh, L., Quick, N., Hastie, G., & Tyack, P. (2013). Repeated call types in short‐finned pilot whales, Globicephala macrorhynchus. Marine Mammal Science, 29(2), 312-324.

Gillespie D, Castellote M, Maginnis A, Garner CD and RJ Small. (2013). Real time monitoring for beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas) in the Eagle River, Alaska using a PAMBuoy® detection system. Final Contract Report by SMRU, LLC and Marine Instruments Ltd. 19p.

New, L. F., Harwood, J., Thomas, L., Donovan, C., Clark, J. S., Hastie, G., Thompson, P. M., Cheney, B. & Lusseau, D. (2013). Modelling the biological significance of behavioural change in coastal bottlenose dolphins in response to disturbance. Functional Ecology, 27(2), 314-322.

Hiscock, K., Bayley, D., Pade, N., Lacey, C., Cox, E., & Enever, R. (2013). Prioritizing action for recovery and conservation of marine species: a case study based on species of conservation importance around England. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 23(1), 88-110.

Pirotta E, Milor R, Quick N, Moretti D, Di Marzio N, et al. (2012) Vessel Noise Affects Beaked Whale Behavior: Results of a Dedicated Acoustic Response Study. PLoS ONE 7(8): e42535. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0042535

Kaschner, K., Quick, N. J., Jewell, R., Williams, R., & Harris, C. M. (2012). Global coverage of cetacean line-transect surveys: status quo, data gaps and future challenges. PloS one, 7(9), e44075.

Wood, J. D., Foreman, P., Veirs, V., & Veirs, S. (2011). Shipping noise and vocal compensation by Southern Resident killer whales: Haro Strait as a study case. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 129(4), 2607-2607.

Polagye, B., Wood, J., Bassett, C., Tollit, D., & Thomson, J. (2011) Behavioral response of harbor porpoise to vessel noise in a tidal strait. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 129, 2368 (2011); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.3587666

Frère, C. H., Seddon, J., Palmer, C., Porter, L., & Parra, G. J. (2011). Multiple lines of evidence for an Australasian geographic boundary in the Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin (Sousa chinensis): population or species divergence? Conservation Genetics, 12(6), 1633-1638.

Gillespie, D., Maginnis, A., & Hastie, G. (2011). Long term remote monitoring of cetacean calls using a solar powered autonomous detector. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 130(4), 2500-2500.

C. G. Walker, M. L. MacKenzie, C. R. Donovan, D. Kidney, N. J. Quick, and G. D. Hastie (2011). Classification of animal dive tracks via automatic landmarking, principal components analysis and clustering. Ecosphere 2:art92.

Faustino, C.E.S., M.A. Silva, T.A. Marques & L. Thomas (2010). Designing a shipboard line transect survey to estimate cetacean abundance off the Azores archipelago. Arquipelago. Life and Marine Sciences 27: 49-58.

Thompson, P., Tollit, D., Wood, D., Corpe, H., Hammond, P., Mackay, A. (1997). Estimating Harbour Seal Abundance and Status in an Estuarine Habitat in North-East Scotland. Journal of Applied Ecology, 34(1), 43-52.