Publications 2017-10-16T10:16:43+00:00

Here are some of the reports, publications and conference presentations that SMRU Consulting have produced.

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Ainsworth, LM., Dean, CB. & Joy, R. (in press). Zero-inflated spatial models: application and interpretation. International Symposium in Statistics ISS-2015 Proceedings Volume on Advances and Challenges in Parametric and Non-parametric Analysis of Correlated Data. Springer New York, NY. 37 pp.

Booth, C., Oedekoven, C., Gillespie, D., Macaulay, J. et al. (2017). Assessing the viability of density estimation for cetaceans from passive acoustic fixed sensors throughout the life cycle of an offshore E&P field development. Report Number SMRUC-OGP-2017-001.

Booth, CG., Harwood, J., Plunkett, R., Mendes, S. & Walker, R. (2017). Using the Interim PCoD framework to assess the potential impacts of offshore wind developments in Eastern English Waters on harbour porpoises in the North Sea. Natural England Joint Report, Number 024 York.

Harwood, J. & Booth, CG. (2017). The application of an interim PCoD (PCoD Lite) protocol and its extension to other marine mammal populations and sites: Final Report. Report code SMRUC-ONR-2016-004, submitted to the Office of Naval Research – Marine Mammal & Biology Program, March 2017 (unpublished).

Robertson, FC., Koski, WR., Brandon, JR., Thomas T. & Trites AW. (2017). Correction factors account for the availability bias of bowhead whales exposed to seismic operations in the Beaufort Sea. Journal of Cetacean Research and Management, 15, 35-44.

Thompson, D., Onoufriou, J., Patterson, W. & Plunkett, R. (2017). Strategic post consent monitoring of breeding harbour seals at the Wash SAC. Presented by Plunkett, R. at the Conference on Wind Energy and Wildlife Impacts, Estoril, Portugal, September 2017.

Sparling, CE., Lonergan, M. & McConnell, B. (2017). Harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) around an operational tidal turbine in Strangford Narrows: No barrier effect but small changes in transit behaviour. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems. DOI 10.1002/aqc.2790.

Sparling, CE., Thompson, D. & Booth, CG. (2017). Guide to Population Models used in Marine Mammal Impact Assessment. JNCC Report 607, ISSN 0963-8901.

Thomas, L., Booth, CG., Rosel, PE., Hohn, A., Litz, J. & Schwacke, LH. (2017). Where were they from? Modelling the source stock of dolphins stranded after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill using genetic and stable isotope data. Endangered Species Research Vol. 33: 253-264.

Wilson, LJ., Grellier, K. & Hammond, PS. (2017). Improved estimates of digestion correction factors and passage rates for harbor seal (Phoca vitulina) prey in the northeast Atlantic. Marine Mammal Science. DOI: 10.1111/mms.12436.

Verfuss, UK., Gillespie, D., Gordon, J., Marques, T., Miller, B., Plunkett, R., Theriault, J., Tollit, D., Zitterbart, D., Hubert, P. & Thomas, L. (in press). Comparing methods suitable for monitoring marine mammals in low visibility conditions during seismic surveys. Marine Pollution Bulletin.


Band, B., Sparling, CE., Thompson, D., Onoufriou, J., San Martin, E. & West, N. (2016). Refining Estimates of Collision Risk for Harbour Seals and Tidal Turbines. Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science Vol 7 No 17.

Booth, CG., Donnovan, C., Plunkett, R. & Harwood, J. (2016). Using an interim PCoD protocol to assess the effects of disturbance associated with US Navy exercises on marine mammal populations: Final Report. Report code SMRUC-ONR-2016-004, submitted to the Office of Naval Research – Marine Mammal & Biology Program, February 2016 (unpublished).

Booth, CG. (2016). Challenge of Using Passive Acoustic Monitoring in High-Energy Environments: UK Tidal Environments and Other Case Studies. In The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life II (pp. 101-108). Springer New York.

Copping, A., Sather, N., Hanna, L., Whiting, J., Zydlewski, G., Staines, G., Gill, A., Hutchison, I., O’Hagan, A., Simas, T., Bald, J., Sparling, CE., Wood, JD. & Masden, E. (2016). Annex IV 2016 State of the Science Report: Environmental Effects of Marine Renewable Energy Development Around the World. pp 224.

Donovan, C., Harwood, J., King, SL., Booth, CG., Caneco, B. & Walker, C. (2016). Expert elicitation methods in quantifying the consequences of acoustic disturbance from offshore renewable energy developments. In The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life II (pp. 231-237). Springer New York.

Gillespie, D., Sparling, CE., Macaulay, J. Malinka, C. (2016). Interim report: Performance of the passive acoustic monitoring system during commissioning of the Delta Stream tidal turbine in Ramsey Sound, Wales. SMRU Report, January 2016.

Gomez, C., Lawson, JW., Wright, AJ., Buren, A., Tollit, DJ. & Lesage, V. (2016). A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis on the Behavioral Responses of Wild Marine Mammals to Man-Made Sounds: Synthesis and Recommendations for the Future The effects of noise on aquatic life: 4th international conference, Dublin, July 2016 (pg 69).

Gomez, C., Lawson, JW., Wright, AJ., Buren, AD., Tollit, DJ. & Lesage, V. (2016). A systematic review on the behavioural responses of wild marine mammals to noise: the disparity between science and policy. Can. J. Zool. 94: 801-819.

Harwood, J., King, SL., Booth, CG., Donovan, C., Schick, R. S., Thomas, L. & New, L. (2016). Understanding the Population Consequences of Acoustic Disturbance for Marine Mammals. In The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life II (pp. 417-423). Springer New York.

Joy, R., Wood, JD., Miller, B., MacGillvray, A., Meier, S. & Tollit, DJ. (2016). Development of a simulation model for estimating behavioural responses to vessel noise: A case study with the Southern Resident killer whale. Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference, Vancouver April 2016.

Nabe-Nielsen, J. & Harwood, J. (2016). Comparison of the iPCoD and DEPONS models for modelling population consequences of noise on harbour porpoises. Aarhus University, DCE – Danish Centre for Environment and Energy, 22 pp. Scientific Report from DCE – Danish Centre for Environment and Energy No. 186

Plunkett, R. & Sparling, CE. (2016). Dounreay Trì Floating Wind Demonstration Project Environmental Statement Chapter 10 Marine mammals, basking sharks and turtles. Report Number: SMRUC-HID-2016-003. Submitted To Hi-Def Aerial Surveying Limited, March 2016.

Plunkett, R., Gillespie, D. & MacAulay, A. (2016). The Maintenance of PAMGuard Software to Detect, Localize, and Classify Marine Mammals.  The effects of noise on aquatic life: 4th international conference, Dublin, July 2016 (pg 161).

Robertson, FC., Koski, WR. & Trites, AW. (2016). Behavioural responses affect distribution analyses of bowhead whales in the vicinity of seismic surveys. Marine Ecological Progress Series 549: 243-262 DOI: 10.3354/meps11665.

Smultea, MA., Brueggeman, J., Robertson, FC., Fertl, D., Bacon, C., Rowlett RA. & Green GA. (2016). Polar bear (Ursus maritimus) behaviour near icebreaker operations in the Chukchi Sea, 1991, Arctic. 69(2): 177-184.

Sparling, CE., Gillespie, D., Hastie, H., Gordon, J., Macaulay, J., Malinka, C., Wu, M. & McConnell, B. (2016). Scottish Government Demonstration Strategy: Trialing Methods for Tracking the Fine Scale Underwater Movements of Marine Mammals in Areas of Marine Renewable Energy Development. Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science Vol 7 No 14.

Tollit, DJ., Harwood, J., Booth, CG., Thomas, L., New, L., & Wood, JD. (2016). Cook Inlet Beluga Whale PCoD Expert Elicitation Workshop Report. Prepared by SMRU Consulting North America. 29 September 2016, SMRUC-NA-NOAA0915, 54p.

Verfuss, UK., Sparling, CE., Arnot, C., Judd, A. & Coyle, M. (2016). Review of Offshore Wind Farm Impact Monitoring and Mitigation with Regard to Marine Mammals. In The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life II (pp. 1175-1182). Springer New York.

Verfuss, UK., Aniceto, AS., Biuw, M., Fielding, S., Gillespie, D., Harris, D., Jimenez, G., Johnston, P., Plunkett, R., Sivertsen, A., Solbø, SA. & Storvold, R. (2016). Current Status of Autonomous Vehicles for Marine Animal Detection and Monitoring. The Effects Of Noise On Aquatic Life: 4th International Conference, Dublin, July 2016 (pg 207).

Verfuss, UK., Aniceto, AS., Biuw, M., Fielding, S., Gillespie, D., Harris, D., Jimenez, G., Johnston, P., Plunkett, R., Sivertsen, A., Solbo, A., Storvold, R. & Wyatt, R. (2016).  Understanding the current state of autonomous technologies to improve/expand observation and detection of marine species. Report number SMRUC-OGP2015-015 Provided to IOGP, July 2016.

Verfuss, UK., Gillespie, D., Gordon, J., Marques, T., Miller, B., Plunkett, R., Theriault, J., Tollit, DJ., Zitterbart, D., Hurbert, P. & Thomas, L. (2016). Low- Visibility Real-Time Monitoring Techniques Review. Report Number SMRUM-OGP2015-002. Provided to IOGP, June 2016.

Verfuss, UK., Plunkett, R., Booth, CG. & Harwood, J. (2016). Assessing The Benefit Of Noise Reduction Measures During Offshore Wind Farm Construction On Harbour Porpoises. Report Number SMRUC-WWF-2016-008.

Viers, S., Viers, V. & Wood, JD. (2016) Ship noise extends to frequencies used for echolocation by endangered killer whales. PeerJ, 4:e1657; DOI 10.7717/peerj.1657.

Wood, JD. (2016). Evaluating Noise Metrics to Predict Masking in Killer Whales. The effects of noise on aquatic life: 4th international conference, Dublin, July 2016 (pg 221)

Wood, JD. (2016). Measuring noise in biologically meaningful ways. Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference, Vancouver April 2016.

Wood, JD., Joy, R. & Sparling, CE. (2016). Harbor Seal – Tidal Turbine Collision Risk Models. An Assessment of Sensitivities. Report by SMRU Consulting. pp 57.


Booth, CG., Sparling, CE., Plunkett, R., Scott-Haywood, L. & Rexstad, E. (2015). Collision Risk Simulation Modelling: Marine Mammals and Deep Green Device at Holyhead Deep–Final Report -Revised 23rd June 2015. Report number SMRUC-MIN-2015-007 provided to Minesto UK Ltd, June 2015 (unpublished).

Booth, CG., Harwood, J., King, S., Schick, R. & Donovan, C. (2015). Forecasting winners and losers of the Arctic environment: the potential Population Consequences of Disturbance (PCoD) for marine mammals. Arctic Frontiers Conference, Tromso, January 2015.

Fritz, L., Tollit, DJ., Laman, E., Miller, K., Schulze, A., Thomason, J., Walker W., Zeppelin, T. & Gelatt T. (2015). Steller sea lion diet and population trends in the Aleutian Islands, Alaska Marine Science Symposium, Anchorage, Alaska, January 2015.

Joy, R., Dowd MG., Battaile BC., Lestenkof PM., Sterling JT., Trites AW. & Routledge RD. (2015). Linking northern fur seal dive behavior to environmental variables in the eastern Bering Sea. Ecosphere. 6(5): 75. DOI 10.1890/ES 14-00314.1.

King, SL., Schick, RS., Donovan, C., Booth, CG., Burgman, M., Thomas, L. & Harwood, J. (2015). An interim framework for assessing the population consequences of disturbance. Methods in Ecology and Evolution6(10), 1150-1158.

Muir, JE., Ainsworth, L.,  Joy R.,  Racca R.,  Bychkov Y., Gailey G.,  VLadimirov V.,  Starodymov S. & Bröker K. (2015). Distance from shore of gray whales during a seismic survey off Sakhalin Island, Russia. Endangered Species Research. DOI: 10.3354/esr00701.

Muir, JE., Joy R., Bychkov Y., Bröker K., Gailey G.,  VLadimirov V., Starodymov S. &  Gailey G. (2015). Delineation of a coastal gray whale feeding area using opportunistic and systematic survey effort. Endangered Species Research. 29(2): 147-160.

Sparling, CE. (2015). Marine Mammals and renewable energy projects: challenges and progress. MAMBO 2 Conference Measuring and Monitoring Biodiversity Offshore. Bangor, March 2015.

Sparling, CE., Smith K., Benjamins S., Wilson B., Gordon J., Stringell T., Morris C., Hastie G., Thompson D. & Pomeroy P. (2015). Guidance to inform marine mammal site characterisation requirements at wave and tidal stream energy sites in Wales. No. 82. NRW Evidence Report, 2015.

Stricker, CA., Christ, AM., Wunder, MB., Doll, AC., Farley, SD., Rea, LD., Rosen, DAS. & Tollit, DJ. (2015). Stable carbon and nitrogen isotope trophic enrichment factors for Steller sea lion vibrissae relative to milk and fish/invertebrate diets. Marine Ecological Progress Series. 523: 255-266 DOI: 10.3354/meps11205.

Tollit, DJ. et al. (2015). Proposed Environmental Effects Monitoring Programs 2015-2020 Fundy Ocean Research Center for Energy (FORCE). pp184.

Tollit, DJ., Wong, MA., & Trites, AW. (2015). Diet composition of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) in Frederick Sound, southeast Alaska: a comparison of quantification methods using scats to describe temporal and spatial variabilities. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 93(999), 361-376.

Verfuss, UK., Sparling, CE. & Booth, CG. (2015). Does noise mitigation matter? Population consequences of piling noise on marine mammals with and without the application of noise reduction methods. Conference on Wind energy and Wildlife impacts, Berlin, March 2015.

Wright, AJ. &  Robertson, FC. (eds). (2015). New mitigation methods and evolving acoustics exposure guidelines. Report from the European Cetacean Society Conference Workshop, St. Julian, Malta, European Cetacean Society Special Publication Series No. 59, 76 p.


Booth, GC. & Lacey, C. (2014). Static acoustic monitoring for harbour porpoise and dolphins in and around the proposed Navitus Bay Offshore Wind Park using CPODs. Report code SMRUL-ENO-2013-015.

Booth, CG., Plunkett, R. & Verfuβ, UK. (2014). Interim Marine Mammal And Noise Monitoring At Invergordon Report. Report Number SMRUL-AFF- 2014-003 Provided To Affric Ltd, May 2014 (Unpublished).

Harwood, J., King, SL., Schick, R., Donovan, C. & Booth, CG. (2014). A protocol for implementing the Interim Population Consequences of Disturbance (PCoD) Approach: quantifying and assessing the effects of UK offshore renewable energy developments on marine mammal populations. Report Number SMRUL-TCE-2013-014. Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science, 5(2).

Hastie, GD., Donovan, C., Götz, T., & Janik, VM. (2014). Behavioral responses by grey seals (Halichoerus grypus) to high frequency sonar. Marine pollution bulletin79(1), 205-210.

Hastie, GD., Gillespie, DM., Gordon, JC., Macaulay, JD., McConnell, BJ., & Sparling, CE. (2014). Tracking Technologies for Quantifying Marine Mammal Interactions with Tidal Turbines: Pitfalls and Possibilities. In Marine Renewable Energy Technology and Environmental Interactions (pp. 127-139). Springer Netherlands.

King, SL. (2014). Navitus Bay Wind Park Marine Mammal Noise Impact Assessment Technical Report. Report code SMRUL-ENO-2013-009.

Lacey, C. & Cox, E. (2014). Review of baseline marine mammal data from the site of the proposed Navitus Bay Wind Park. Report code: SMRUL-PMS-2012-014a.

Maclean, I., Inger, R., Benson, D., Booth, CG., Embling, CB., Grecian, WJ. … & Bearhop, S. (2014). Resolving issues with environmental impact assessment of marine renewable energy installations. Frontiers in Marine Science1, 75.

MMO. (2014). Review of post-consent offshore wind farm monitoring data associated with licence conditions. A report produced for the Marine Management Organisation, pp 194. MMO Project No: 1031. ISBN: 978-1-909452-24-4.

Navitus Bay Development Ltd. (2014). Navitus Bay Wind Park Environmental Statement Volume B – Offshore Chapter 11 – Marine Mammals. Document April 2014.

Plunkett, R, Sparling, CE. & Kidney, D. (2014). Anglesey Skerries Marine Mammal Monitoring: Land Based Vantage Point Survey trial. Report Number SMRUM-MCT-2014-012 Provided To MCT, November, 2014 (Unpublished).

Quick, NJ. (2014). Review of the Durlston Project Marine Mammal Database with respect to the site of the proposed Navitus Bay Wind Farm, Isle of Wight. Report code SMRUL-ENO-2013-008.

Savidge, G., Ainsworth, D., Bearhop, S., Christen, N., Elsaesser, B., Fortune, F., Inger, R., Kennedy, R., McRobert, A., Plummer, KE., Pritchard, D., Sparling, CE. & Whittaker, T. (2014). Strangford Lough and the SeaGen Tidal Turbine. Marine Renewable Energy Technology and Environmental Interactions. ed. / M.A. Shields; Andrew Payne.

Sparling, CE. & Booth, CG. (2014). Information to inform HRA for risk of collision between harbour seals and the Minesto Deep Green Device at Strangford Lough. Report number SMRUM-MIN-2014-016 provided to Minesto UK Ltd, December 2014 (unpublished).

Sparling, CE., Lonergan, M., Mackey, B., Booth, CG., Hastie, G., Gillespie, D. & MacAulay, J. (2014). Marine Mammals and Tidal Turbines: Understanding True Collision Risk. International Conference on the Environmental Interactions of Marine Renewables Conference, Stornoway, May 2014.

Wood, JD., Redden, A., Tollit, DJ., Broome, J. & Booth, CG. (2014). Listening for canaries in a tornado: Acoustic monitoring for harbour porpoise at the FORCE site. International Conference on the Environmental Interactions of Marine Renewables Conference, Stornoway, May 2014.


Booth, CG. (2013). Noise level monitoring during construction works for the Forth Replacement Crossing: Year 1 report. SMRU Ltd report number (SMRUL-FRC-2013-016). May, 2013 (unpublished).

Booth, CG. & Lacey, C. (2013). Static acoustic monitoring for harbour porpoise and dolphins in and around the proposed Navitus Bay offshore wind park using C-PODs. SMRU Ltd report number SMRUL-ENO-2013-015. April, 2013 (unpublished).

Gillespie, D., Castellote, M., Maginnis, A., Garner, CD. & RJ Small. (2013). Real time monitoring for beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas) in the Eagle River, Alaska using a PAMBuoy® detection system. Final Contract Report by SMRU, LLC and Marine Instruments Ltd. 19p.

Herschel, A., Stephenson, S., Sparling, CE., Sams, C. & Monnington, J. (2013). ORJIP Project 4, Phase 1: Use of deterrent devices and improvements to standard mitigation during piling. Report submitted to the Offshore Renewables Joint Industry Programme.

Hiscock, K., Bayley, D., Pade, N., Lacey, C., Cox, E. & Enever, R. (2013). Prioritizing action for recovery and conservation of marine species: a case study based on species of conservation importance around England. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems23(1), 88-110.

Jones, E., McConnell, B., Sparling, CE. & Matthiopoulos, J. (2013). Grey and harbour seal usage maps. Marine Mammal Scientific Support Research Programme MMSS/001/11. Task MR 5 (part), Sea Mammal Research Unit Report to Scottish Government 28/08/2013 Version 2150.

New, LF., Harwood, J., Thomas, L., Donovan, C., Clark, JS., Hastie, GD., Thompson, PM., Cheney, B. & Lusseau, D. (2013). Modelling the biological significance of behavioural change in coastal bottlenose dolphins in response to disturbance. Functional Ecology27(2), 314-322.

Sayigh, L., Quick, NJ., Hastie, GD. & Tyack, P. (2013). Repeated call types in short‐finned pilot whales, Globicephala macrorhynchusMarine Mammal Science29(2), 312-324.

Sparling, CE. (2013). Sound of Islay Marine Mammal Baseline Data – Year 2 Update. SMRUL-SPR-2013-004 to Scottish Power Renewables. January 2013 (unpublished).

Sparling CE., Coram, AJ., McConnell, B., Thompson, D., Hawkins, K. & Northridge, SP. (2013). Wave and Tidal consenting Position paper Series: Marine Mammal Impacts. Renewable UK, Scottish Renewables and Natural Environment Research Council publication.

Thompson, PM., Hastie, GD., Nedwell, J., Barham, R., Brookes, KL., Cordes, LS., Bailey, H. & McLean, N. (2013). Framework for assessing impacts of pile-driving noise from offshore wind farm construction on a harbour seal population. Environmental Impact Assessment Review43, 73-85.

Verfuß, UK. & Booth, CG. (2013). Marwick Head Marine Mammal Review–Technical Report. Report number SMRU-L-SPR-2013-021 to ScottishPower Renewables, May, 2013(unpublished).

Wood, JD., Tollit, DJ., Redden A., Porskamp, P., Broome, J., Fogarty, L., Booth, CG. & Karsten, R. (2013). Passive Acoustic Monitoring of Cetacean Activity Patterns and Movements in Minas Passage: Pre-Turbine Baseline Conditions (2011-2012). Final Report for OERA and FORCE. SMRU Ltd Report number NA0713Acadia pp71.


Collar, C., Spahr, J., Polagye, B., Thomson, J., Bassett, C., Graber, J., Cavagnaro, R., Talbert, J., de Klerk, A., Reay-Ellers, A., Tollit, DJ., Wood, JD., Copping, A., Carlson, T. & Halvorsen, M. (2012). Study of the Acoustic Effects of Hydrokinetic Tidal Turbine in Admiralty Inlet, Puget Sound. Report by Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center (NNMREC), Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), SMRU Consulting, and Snohomish County PUD. pp 80.

Grellier, K. & Lacey, C. (2012). Analysis of The Crown Estate aerial survey data for marine mammals for the Forth and Tay Offshore Wind Developers Group region. SMRULSGW-2012-015. Unpublished report to The FTOWDG.

Hastie, GD. (2012). Tracking marine mammals around marine renewable energy devices using active sonar. SMRU Ltd report URN: 12D/328 to the Department of Energy and Climate Change. September 2012 (unpublished).

Kaschner, K., Quick, NJ., Jewell, R., Williams, R. & Harris, CM. (2012). Global coverage of cetacean line-transect surveys: status quo, data gaps and future challenges. PloS one7(9), e44075.

Moray Offshore Renewables Ltd. (2012). Environmental Statement Technical Appendix 7.3 B – Framework for assessing the impacts of pile-driving noise from offshore wind farm construction on Moray Firth harbour seal populations. This document was produced by Natural Power, the University of Aberdeen and SMRU Ltd on behalf of Moray Offshore Renewables Ltd.

Moray Offshore Renewables Ltd. (2012). Environmental Statement Technical Appendix 7.3 C – MORL SAFESIMM noise impact assessment for seals and cetaceans. This document was produced by SMRU Ltd and Natural Power on behalf of Moray Offshore Renewables Ltd.

Moray Offshore Renewables Ltd. (2012). Environmental Statement Technical Appendix 7.3 D – A comparison of behavioural responses by harbour porpoises and bottlenose dolphins to noise: implications for wind farm risk assessments. This document was produced by Natural Power and SMRU Ltd on behalf of Moray Offshore Renewables Ltd.

Moray Offshore Renewables Ltd. (2012). Environmental Statement Technical Appendix 7.3 E – Identification of appropriate noise exposure criteria for assessing auditory injury for Pinnipeds using offshore wind farm sites. This document was produced by the University of Aberdeen, SMRU Ltd and Natural Power on behalf of Moray Offshore Renewables Ltd.

Pirotta, E., Milor, R., Quick, NJ., Moretti, D., Di Marzio, N. et al. (2012). Vessel Noise Affects Beaked Whale Behavior: Results of a Dedicated Acoustic Response Study. PLoS ONE 7(8):e42535. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0042535.

Sparling, CE., Harris, C., Donovan, C. & Milazzo, L. (2012). FTOWDG SAFESIMM Noise Impact Assessment – Seals and Bottlenose dolphins (Neart na Gaoithe). Report number SMRU-LMRP-2012-004 to Mainstream,

Sparling, CE., Russell, DF., Lane, E., Grellier, K., Lonergan, ME., McConnell, BJ., Matthiopoulous, J. & Thompson, D. (2012). Baseline Seal Information for the FTWODG Area. SMRUL-FDG-2012-0 to FTOWDG. May 2012 (unpublished).

Wilson, L., Booth, CG. &  Wilson, JM. (2012). An Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Strategy document: Investigating the potential impacts of the proposed 10 MW Aegir Wave Farm development on birds, marine mammal species and basking sharks. Report to Aegir Wave Power Ltd (unpublished).
Wood, JD., Southall, BL. & Tollit, DJ. (2012) PG&E offshore 3‐D Seismic Survey Project EIR –Marine Mammal Technical Draft Report. SMRU Ltd. pp124.


Booth, CG., Lacey, C. & Hastie, GD. (2011). Interim Report – July 2011 – Static acoustic monitoring of harbour porpoise and dolphins at the proposed jetty construction site – Hinkley. SMRU Ltd Interim Report to CEFAS. July 2011.

Booth, CG., Mackay, AI., Northridge, S. & Sparling, CE. (2011). Acoustic Monitoring of Harbour Porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) in Strangford Lough. Report SMRUL-MCT-2011-16 to Marine Current Turbines. July, 2011 (unpublished).

Frère, CH., Seddon, J., Palmer, C., Porter, L. & Parra, GJ. (2011). Multiple lines of evidence for an Australasian geographic boundary in the Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin (Sousa chinensis): population or species divergence? Conservation Genetics12(6), 1633-1638.

Gillespie, D., Maginnis, A. & Hastie, GD. (2011). Long term remote monitoring of cetacean calls using a solar powered autonomous detector. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America130(4), 2500-2500.

Keenan, G., Sparling, CE., Williams, H. & Fortune, F. (2011). SeaGen Environmental Monitoring Programme Final Report. Submitted to Marine Current Turbines ref: 9S8562/R/303719/Edin.

Macleod, K., Lacey, C., Quick, NJ., Hastie, GD. & Wilson JD. (2011). Guidance on survey and monitoring in relation to marine renewables deployments in Scotland. Volume 2. Cetaceans and Basking Sharks. Unpublished draft report to Scottish Natural Heritage and Marine Scotland.

Polagye, B., Cavagnero, R., Bassett, C., Wood, JD. & Tollit, DJ. (2011) Estimating marine mammal response to noise from a tidal energy project. DOE MHK Acoustic Webinar, December 2011.

Polagye, B., Wood, JD., Bassett, C., Tollit, DJ. & Thomson, J. (2011) Behavioral response of harbor porpoise to vessel noise in a tidal strait. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 129, 2368 (2011);

Quick, NJ. & Cheney, B. (2011). Cetacean Baseline Characterisation for the Firth of Tay based on existing data: Bottlenose dolphins. Project reference 270811SGW_FTOWDG Cetaceans.

Sparling, CE., Grellier, K., Philpott, E., Macleod, K. & Wilson, J. (2011). Guidance on survey and monitoring in relation to marine renewables deployments in Scotland. Volume 3. Seals. Unpublished draft report to Scottish Natural Heritage and Marine Scotland.

Tollit, DJ., Wood, JD., Broomw, J. & Redden, A. (2011). Detection of marine mammals and effects of monitoring at the NSPI (OpenHydro) turbine site in the Minas Passage during 2010. Prepared for Fundy Ocean Research Centre (FORCE), February 2011.

Tollit, DJ., Wood, JD., Polagye, B., Thomson, J. & Redden, A. (2011). Marine mammals, noise and tidal turbine demonstration sites. American Fisheries Society 141st Annual Meeting, Seattle, September 2011.

Walker, CG., MacKenzie, ML., Donovan, CR., Kidney, D., Quick, NJ. & Hastie, GD. (2011). Classification of animal dive tracks via automatic landmarking, principal components analysis and clustering. Ecosphere 2:art92.

Wood, JD., Foreman, P., Veirs, V. & Veirs, S. (2011). Shipping noise and vocal compensation by Southern Resident killer whales: Haro Strait as a study case. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America129(4), 2607-2607.


Faustino, CES., Silva, MA. Marques, TA. & Thomas, L. (2010). Designing a shipboard line transect survey to estimate cetacean abundance off the Azores archipelago. Arquipelago. Life and Marine Sciences 27: 49-58.

Duck, C., Black, A., Lonergan, M. & Mackey, B. (2006). The number and distribution of marine mammals in the Fall of Warness, Orkney July 2005-July 2006. SMRU Ltd Report for Aurora Environmental, August 2006.

Philpott, E., Tollit, DJ. & Mackey, B. (2009). Strategic Review of Offshore Wind Farm Monitoring Data Associated with FEPA Licence Conditions: Marine Mammals. Report by Sea Mammal Research Unit (SMRU). pp 45.

Thompson, P., Tollit, DJ., Wood, D., Corpe, H., Hammond, P. & Mackay, A. (1997). Estimating Harbour Seal Abundance and Status in an Estuarine Habitat in North-East Scotland. Journal of Applied Ecology, 34(1), 43-52.